The Importance of Tuma'ninah in Performing Worship - Allah created humans on earth not without a purpose. In life and in his life, humans should not do something only according to the will of feelings and desires without any limits and responsibilities. The duties and functions of humans have been confirmed in the Qur'an, namely to be servants who worship and devote themselves to Allah and function as His caliph to manage and prosper the earth (Surah Az-Zaariyaat: 56).
Worship is getting closer to Allah by carrying out His commands, staying away from His prohibitions, and practicing all that Allah has permitted. The implementation of worship must involve the heart, mouth, and limbs.
The functions of worship for life, including:
1. The path to piety to Allah SWT:
To be pious means to strive to show servitude to Allah by worshiping Him. "O mankind, worship your Lord, who created you and those before you, so that you may become pious" (Al-Baqarah: 21).
The Importance of Tuma'ninah in Performing Worship
|Practicing tuma'ninah worship in the open like when climbing|
2. Calming the hearts of those who carry out worship
Worship is when you get closer to Allah, so that someone feels close to Allah SWT, then he will always remember Him (dhikrullah). When someone remembers Allah, the heart will always feel calm and serene. "(That is) those who believe and their hearts find peace in the remembrance of Allah. Remember, only in the remembrance of Allah can you find peace.” (Surat Ar-Ra'du: 28).
3. As a provision for the happiness of life in the hereafter
This worldly life is only temporary, which serves as a path to an eternal and better life, namely the afterlife. Everything that humans do in this world will have an impact on the conditions of life in the hereafter, including their activities, especially prayer. Rasulullah SAW emphasized that prayer is the first worship to be judged and will be a measure of the good and bad deeds of a person.
4. As a form of gratitude for God's favor
The creation of man with everything that surrounds it, including the universe, is a gift from God to be grateful for. This expression of gratitude is not only verbal, but must include heart awareness and manifestation in life through the spirit of worship.
The Importance of Tuma'ninah
From 'Aisha, when the Messenger of Allah (SAW) prayed, she stood until her feet were swollen. Aisha said: O Messenger of Allah, why do you do this when Allah has forgiven your past and future sins. He said: Should I not be a grateful servant? (HR. Muslim).
Tuma'ninah (calm) is a very important and indispensable element in worship, especially prayer. With tuma'ninah that humility in prayer can be achieved. That's why the Messenger of Allah ordered that the prayer be accompanied by tuma'ninah, both when bowing, prostration, and other prayer practices.
Prayer is a very heavy worship, except for those who believe and are humble. So sometimes some people are impatient in praying, wanting to finish quickly, because there is still a lot of work to be done, so when bowing, prostration, and so on are not accompanied by tuma'ninah. Some scholars often describe prayer without tuma'ninah as a chicken pecking food, because prostration, bowing, and so on are done very quickly.
Such prayers are not only performed today, but also at the time of the Prophet, so that the Messenger of Allah rebuked him, as expressed in a hadith:
"From Abi 'Abdillah al-Ash'ariy, he said: After the Messenger of Allah had prayed with his companions, he sat down in the middle of the group of friends. Then a man came and prayed; then he bowed and prostrated very quickly, then the Prophet said: Do you know (how people) this? Whoever dies (with a prayer like this), then he dies for anything other than the religion of Muhammad, pecking his prayer, like a crow pecks blood…” [HR. Ibn Khuzaimah; al-Bani in Shari'ah Sahih Ibn Khuzaimah: (1/332) Syamsuddin, 1416 H.:89].
In another hadith it is stated as follows: "The Messenger of Allah said: The worst thing a person can steal is stealing from his prayers. Then the people asked: O Messenger of Allah, how did he steal from his prayers? He replied: He did not complete his bowing and prostration." [HR. Ahmad: al-Jami' ash-Shaghir: 997].
From these hadiths, the scholars concluded that bowing, prostration, standing, and sitting must be done with tuma'ninah; calm and not in a hurry, then just continue the next movement. Therefore, in order to pray with tuma'ninah, one needs to get used to doing prayers well.
Thus the discussion of the Importance of Tuma'ninah in Performing Worship, may we become devout and perfect Muslims in worshiping Allah.