Mesothelioma is a type of malignant cancer that attacks the mesothelium part, which is the membrane that coats various organs in the body. This condition is classified as a dangerous type of cancer and can be fatal.
Cancer Mesothelioma is classified as an aggressive type of cancer, but it is quite rare so it is quite malignant. This condition does not cause symptoms until decades after the patient is exposed to asbestos. In most cases, people diagnosed with mesothelioma are 60–80 years old.
Although it can be handled, most cases of mesothelioma kagker are already at an advanced stage so it is difficult to treat. Therefore, it is important to carry out prevention and periodic checks to prevent this condition.
Knowing the Malignant Mesothelioma Cancer
|Mesothelioma Cancer Position|
Types of Mesothelioma
There are four types of mesothelioma cancer, namely:
Pleural mesothelioma cancer (pleural mesothelioma), which is a cancer that attacks the lining of the lungs (pleura) and is the most common type
Mesothelioma peritoneum cancer (peritoneal mesothelioma), which is cancer of the lining of the abdominal cavity (peritoneum)
Cancer mesothelioma pericardial mesothelioma (pericardial mesothelioma), which is cancer in the protective layer of the heart organ
Mesothelioma cancer of the testicular (testicular mesothelioma), which is a cancer that attacks the protective layer of the testicles or testicles
In addition to the above types, there is also benign mesothelioma cancer in the lungs and chest cavity called solitary fibrous tumor. However, this condition is not included in the type of mesothelioma that will be discussed.
Read More : Knowing Heart attack
Causes of Mesothelioma Cancer
The cause of mesothelioma cancer is not yet known with certainty. However, mesothelioma is often associated with exposure to asbestos or asbestos. Asbestos is a mineral that is widely used as a building construction material, such as roofs, due to its heat-resistant and fire-resistant properties.
Crushed asbestos, both in the process of mining and building renovation, will produce fine fibers or dust. The fiber is very easily inhaled, then enter and settle in the organs of the body, especially the lungs.
If ingested, asbestos fibers can also spread through the lymphatic system, then settle and cause cancer in the lining of the abdominal cavity (peritoneum).
Mesothelioma Risk Factors
Mesothelioma cancer can occur in anyone, but the risk is higher in people with the following factors:
- Work in fields that are susceptible to asbestos exposure, such as mineral mines, construction sites, automotive industry, power generation, textile industry, and steel mills,
- Residing in an old building or environment whose land contains asbestos,
- Have family members who work in an environment that is susceptible to exposure to asbestos so that asbestos dust sticks to the skin or clothing and is carried into the house,
Having a family suffering from mesothelioma or a genetic disorder that increases the risk of cancer,
- Exposure to the mineral erionite or radiation from thorium dioxide,
- Infected with simian virus (SV40).
Symptoms of Mesothelioma Cancer
Mesothelioma cancer develops gradually and usually takes 20-60 years until symptoms appear. Therefore, the patient may not feel any symptoms when mesothelioma is still in the early stages. However, cancer cells will develop over time and press on nerves or other organs so that symptoms arise.
Symptoms of mesothelioma cancer depend on the affected organ. In lung mesothelioma cancer, symptoms that may appear include:
Fever and sweating, especially at night
- The body feels very tired
- Cough accompanied by unbearable pain
Shortness of breath due to fluid buildup in the lungs
- Weight loss for no apparent reason
- Chest pain
- Hoarse voice
- Difficult to swallow
- Pain in the shoulder or upper arm
- Swelling or shape change at the fingertips (finger tabuh)
- Lumps appear on the tissue below the surface of the skin of the chest
While mesothelioma cancer of the stomach (peritoneal) can cause the following symptoms:
- Fever or night sweats
- Loss of appetite
- Weight loss
- Abdominal pain
- Nausea and vomiting
- Lumps or swelling in the abdominal area
- Disturbance of bowel movements and urination
Mesothelioma periicardium and testicular cancer is a type of mesothelioma cancer that is very rare. Mesothelioma pericardium cancer usually causes symptoms in the form of chest pain and respiratory disorders, while testicular mesothelioma cancer is characterized by swelling or lumps in the testicular area.
Thus information about Knowing the Malignant Mesothelioma Cancer that you can make a health reference in order to start to maintain the health of the body and start a culture of healthy living.